Calling SDK overview

Azure Communication Services allows end-user browsers, apps, and services to drive voice and video communication. This page focuses on Calling client SDK, which can be embedded in websites and native applications. This page provides detailed descriptions of Calling client features such as platform and browser support information. Services programmatically manages and access calls using the Call Automation APIs. The Rooms API is an optional Azure Communication Services API that adds additional features to a voice or video call, such as roles and permissions.

Note

Please share your thoughts and feedback about Azure Communication Services with us by taking this short survey.

To build your own user experience with the Calling SDK, check out Calling quickstarts or Calling hero sample.

If you'd like help with the end-user experience, the Azure Communication Services UI Library provides a collection of open-source production-ready UI components to drop into your application. With this set of prebuilt controls, you can create beautiful communication experiences using Microsoft's Fluent design language. If you want to learn more about the UI Library, visit the overview site or Storybook.

Once you start development, check out the known issues page to find bugs we're working on.

SDK links

Platform Web (JavaScript) Windows (.NET) iOS Android Other
Calling npm NuGet GitHub Maven
UI Library npm - GitHub GitHub GitHub, Storybook

Key features

  • Device Management and Media - The Calling SDK provides facilities for binding to audio and video devices, encodes content for efficient transmission over the communications dataplane, and renders content to output devices and views that you specify. APIs are also provided for screen and application sharing.
  • PSTN - The Calling SDK can initiate voice calls with the traditional publicly switched telephone network, using phone numbers you acquire in the Azure portal or programmatically. You can also bring your own numbers using session border controllers.
  • Teams Meetings & Calling - The Calling SDK can join Teams meetings and interact with the Teams voice and video dataplane.
  • Encryption - The Calling SDK encrypts traffic and prevents tampering on the wire.
  • Addressing - Azure Communication Services provides generic identities that are used to address communication endpoints. Clients use these identities to authenticate to the service and communicate with each other. These identities are used in Calling APIs that provide clients visibility into who is connected to a call (the roster).
  • User Access Security
    • Roster control, schedule control, and user roles/permissions are enforced through Virtual Rooms.
    • Ability for a user to Initiate a new call or to Join an existing call can be managed through User Identities and Tokens
  • Notifications - The Calling SDK provides APIs allowing clients to be notified of an incoming call. In situations where your app isn't running in the foreground, patterns are available to fire pop-up notifications ("toasts") to inform end-users of an incoming call.
  • Media Stats - The Calling SDK provides comprehensive insights into the metrics of your VoIP and video calls. With this information, developers have a clearer understanding of call quality and can make informed decisions to further enhance their communication experience.
  • Video Constraints - The Calling SDK provides APIs that gain the ability to regulate video quality among other parameters during video calls by adjusting parameters such as resolution and frame rate supporting different call situations for different levels of video quality
  • User Facing Diagnostics (UFD) - The Calling SDK provides events that are designed to provide insights into underlying issues that could affect call quality. Developers can subscribe to triggers such as weak network signals or muted microphones, ensuring that they're always aware of any factors impacting the calls.

Detailed capabilities

The following list presents the set of features that are currently available in the Azure Communication Services Calling SDKs.

Group of features Capability JS Windows Java (Android) Objective-C (iOS)
Core Capabilities Place a one-to-one call between two users ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Place a group call with more than two users (up to 100 users) ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Promote a one-to-one call with two users into a group call with more than two users ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Join a group call after it has started ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Invite another VoIP participant to join an ongoing group call ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Mid call control Turn your video on/off ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Mute/Unmute mic ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Mute other participants ✔️1 ✔️1 ✔️1 ✔️1
Switch between cameras ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Local hold/un-hold ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Active speaker ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Choose speaker for calls ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Choose microphone for calls ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Show state of a participant
Idle, Early media, Connecting, Connected, On hold, In Lobby, Disconnected
✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Show state of a call
Early Media, Incoming, Connecting, Ringing, Connected, Hold, Disconnecting, Disconnected
✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Show if a participant is muted ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Show the reason why a participant left a call ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Screen sharing Share the entire screen from within the application ✔️ ✔️2 ✔️2 ✔️2
Share a specific application (from the list of running applications) ✔️ ✔️2
Share a web browser tab from the list of open tabs ✔️
Share system audio during screen sharing ✔️
Participant can view remote screen share ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Roster List participants ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Remove a participant ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
PSTN Place a one-to-one call with a PSTN participant ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Place a group call with PSTN participants ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Promote a one-to-one call with a PSTN participant into a group call ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Dial-out from a group call as a PSTN participant ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Support for early media ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
General Test your mic, speaker, and camera with an audio testing service (available by calling 8:echo123) ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Device Management Ask for permission to use audio and/or video ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Get camera list ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Set camera ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Get selected camera ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Get microphone list ✔️ ✔️ 3 3
Set microphone ✔️ ✔️ 3 3
Get selected microphone ✔️ ✔️ 3 3
Get speakers list ✔️ ✔️ 3 3
Set speaker ✔️ ✔️ 3 3
Get selected speaker ✔️ ✔️ 3 3
Video Rendering Render single video in many places (local camera or remote stream) ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Set / update scaling mode ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Render remote video stream ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Video Effects Background Blur ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Custom background image ✔️
Audio Effects Music Mode ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Audio filters ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Notifications 4 Push notifications ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️

1 The capability to Mute Others is currently in public preview.

2 The Share Screen capability can be achieved using Raw Media APIs. To learn more visit the raw media access quickstart guide.

3 The Calling SDK doesn't have an explicit API for these functions, you should use the Android & iOS OS APIs to achieve instead.

4 The maximum value for TTL in native platforms, is 180 days (15,552,000 seconds), and the min value is 5 minutes (300 seconds). For CTE (Custom Teams Endpoint)/M365 Identity the max TTL value is 24 hrs (86,400 seconds).

JavaScript Calling SDK support by OS and browser

The following table represents the set of supported browsers, which are currently available. We support the most recent three major versions of the browser (most recent three minor versions for Safari) unless otherwise indicated.

Platform Chrome Safari Edge Firefox Webview Electron
Android ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
iOS ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
macOS ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Windows ✔️ ✔️ ✔️ ✔️
Ubuntu/Linux ✔️
  • Outgoing Screen Sharing isn't supported on iOS or Android mobile browsers.
  • Firefox support is in public preview.
  • Currently, the calling SDK only supports Android System WebView on Android, iOS WebView(WKWebView) in public preview. Other types of embedded browsers or WebView on other OS platforms aren't officially supported, for example, GeckoView, Chromium Embedded Framework (CEF), Microsoft Edge WebView2. Running JavaScript Calling SDK on these platforms isn't actively tested, it might or might not work.
  • An iOS app on Safari can't enumerate/select mic and speaker devices (for example, Bluetooth). This issue is a limitation of iOS, and the operating system controls default device selection.

Calling client - browser security model

Use WebRTC over HTTPS

WebRTC APIs like getUserMedia require that the app that calls these APIs is served over HTTPS. For local development, you can use http://localhost.

Embed the Communication Services Calling SDK in an iframe

A new permissions policy (also called a feature policy) is available in various browsers. This policy affects calling scenarios by controlling how applications can access a device's camera and microphone through a cross-origin iframe element.

If you want to use an iframe to host part of the app from a different domain, you must add the allow attribute with the correct value to your iframe.

For example, this iframe allows both camera and microphone access:

<iframe allow="camera *; microphone *">

Android Calling SDK support

  • Support for Android API Level 21 or Higher
  • Support for Java 7 or higher
  • Support for Android Studio 2.0
  • Android Auto and IoT devices running Android are currently not supported

iOS Calling SDK support

  • Support for iOS 10.0+ at build time, and iOS 12.0+ at run time
  • Xcode 12.0+
  • Support for iPadOS 13.0+

Maximum call duration

The maximum call duration is 30 hours, participants that reach the maximum call duration lifetime of 30 hours will be disconnected from the call.

Supported number of incoming video streams

The Azure Communication Services Calling SDK supports the following streaming configurations:

Limit Web Windows/Android/iOS
Maximum # of outgoing local streams that can be sent simultaneously 1 video and 1 screen sharing 1 video + 1 screen sharing
Maximum # of incoming remote streams that can be rendered simultaneously 9 videos + 1 screen sharing on desktop browsers*, 4 videos + 1 screen sharing on web mobile browsers 9 videos + 1 screen sharing

* Starting from Azure Communication Services Web Calling SDK version 1.16.3 While the Calling SDK doesn't enforce these limits, your users might experience performance degradation if they're exceeded. Use the API of Optimal Video Count to determine how many current incoming video streams your web environment can support.

Supported video resolutions

The Azure Communication Services Calling SDK automatically adjusts resolutions of video and screen share streams during the call.

Note

The resolution can vary depending on the number of participants on a call, the amount of bandwidth available to the client, hardware capabilities of local participant who renders remote video streans and other overall call parameters.

The Azure Communication Services Calling SDK supports sending following video resolutions

Maximum video resolution WebJS iOS Android Windows
Sending video 720P 720P 720P 1080P
Sending screen share 1080P 1080P 1080P 1080P
Receiving a remote video stream or screen share 1080P 1080P 1080P 1080P

Number of participants on a call support

  • Up to 350 users can join a group call, Room or Teams + ACS call.
  • Once the call size reaches 100+ participants in a call, only the top 4 most dominant speakers that have their video camera turned can be seen.
  • When the number of people on the call is 100+, the viewable number of incoming video renders automatically decreases from 3x3 (9 incoming videos) down to 2x2 (4 incoming videos).
  • When the number of users goes below 100, the number of supported incoming videos goes back up to 3x3 (9 incoming videos).

Calling SDK timeouts

The following timeouts apply to the Communication Services Calling SDKs:

Action Timeout in seconds
Reconnect/removal participant 60
Add or remove new modality from a call (Start/stop video or screen sharing) 40
Call Transfer operation timeout 60
1:1 call establishment timeout 85
Group call establishment timeout 85
PSTN call establishment timeout 115
Promote 1:1 call to a group call timeout 115

Next steps

For more information, see the following articles: