Index of Windows Driver Kit Tools

This topic supplies basic information about the tools that are included in the Windows Driver Kit (WDK). This topic also includes references to other tools that are useful for driver development. These other tools are either available as part of the operating system or are available as separate download. For more information about each tool, see the documentation in this topic that describes the tool.

For information about how to obtain the latest WDK, see Download the Windows Driver Kit (WDK).

Index of WDK Tools

The information in the following tables describes the tools that are useful for Windows driver developers. The list of tools includes tools that ship with the WDK (as indicated by the WDK tool field) and also includes some tools that are available separately or that are installed with Windows. Tools that can generally be used with all drivers are listed under All Drivers. Tools that are specific to a technology are grouped together, for example, tools that are specific for Windows Portable Devices (WPD) Drivers or Sensors.


The Visual Studio environment variable, %WindowsSdkDir%, represents the path to the Windows kits directory where this version of the WDK is installed, for example, C:\Program Files (x86)\Windows Kits\8.1.

Audio / Video Drivers

Tool Name Tool Location Description and Help file location
Display Color Calibration tool (Dccw.exe)
WDK tool: No
A calibration tool that lets users adjust their display color to be closer to the Windows and World Wide Web international standard red-green-blue (sRGB) color space.
GraphEdt (Graphedt.exe)
Tool in WDK: Yes
Builds filter graphs to test streaming audio/video capture drivers.
Overview of GraphEdit
KSStudio (KsStudio.exe)
WDK tool: Yes

Note This tool must be run by someone who has administrator privileges.
This tool can construct a graphical representation of a filter graph that shows the pin-to-pin connections between filters and the filters' internal nodes.
See AVStream Testing and Debugging for more information.
USB Device Viewer (Usbview.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Enumerates the USB host controllers, USB hubs, and attached USB devices and can query information about the devices from the registry and through USB requests to the devices.
The source code for the USB Device Viewer is available from the code gallery, see USBVIEW Sample Application

Bluetooth Drivers

Tool name Tool location Description and Help file location
Bluetooth Inquiry Record Verifier (Sdpverify.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Displays a Bluetooth device's Inquiry Record as Windows interprets it.
WDK documentation: Bluetooth Inquiry Record Verifier

Windows Image Acquisition (WIA) Drivers

Tool name Tool location Description and Help file location
WIADbgCfg (Wiadbgcfg.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Enables logging for WIA drivers (Windows Server 2008 and later versions of Windows).
Note For earlier versions of Windows, use WIALogCfg.
WIAInfo2 (Wiainfo2.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Displays the WIA item tree so that you can view and edit WIA device driver properties.
WIAPreview (Wiapreview.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Shows how to use the WIA Preview component and the driver's segmentation filter.
WIATest (Wiatest.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Displays the item tree that is created by the driver, the Windows Image Acquisition (WIA) properties exposed by the driver, and the current value of each property. You can use this tool to debug your driver during development and unit test.
Windows Imaging Trace File Viewer (Wiatrcvw.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Displays the WIA trace log (%WINDIR%\Debug\WIA\wiatrace.log) and lets you change the WIA tracing parameters for each module.

Windows Portable Devices (WPD) Drivers

Tool name Tool location Description and Help file location
WpdDeviceInspector (WpdDeviceInspector.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Queries a WPD driver and generates a comprehensive HTML report that describes your device and its capabilities. For example, you can use it to retrieve a list of supported device commands and objects. And, this tool will generate a list of all properties supported by each object.
WDK Documentation:
Windows Portable Devices
WPD Driver Development Tools
WpdInfo (WpdInfo.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Performs common WPD operations such as: opening and closing a device, creating or deleting objects on a device, and issuing device commands.
WDK Documentation:
Windows Portable Devices
WPD Driver Development Tools
Microsoft Network Monitor (NetMon.exe)
WDK tool: No
Download the Microsoft Network Monitor
Displays trace information from WPD components. This tool replaces WpdMon.exe which had shipped in previous versions of the WDK.
WDK Documentation:
Windows Portable Devices
WPD Driver Development Tools, see Using the Network Monitor Tool.

Printer Drivers

Tool name Tool location Description and Help file location
GPDCheck (Gpdcheck.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Validates the syntactical correctness of a Generic Printer Description File (GPD).
For information about command options, type
gpdcheck /?
INFGate (Infgate.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Validates the conformance of a printer INF file.
For information about command options, type
infgate /?
isXPS (isXPS.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Validates the conformance of an XPS file to the XPS and OPC specifications.
For information about command options, type
isxps /? in a Command prompt window.
For more information, see isXPS Conformance Tool
Looksgood (Looksgood.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Validates the correctness of an XPS rendering engine.
For information about command options, type
looksgood /?
MakeNTF (Makentf.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Converts Adobe Font Metrics (AFM) files and East Asian font AFM files to Windows font files (.ntf).
WDK Documentation:
Converting AFM Files to NTF Files
Converting East Asian AFM Files to NTF Files
PPDCheck (Ppdcheck.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Validates the syntactical correctness of a PostScript Printer Description File (PPD).
For information about command options, type
ppdcheck /?
PTConform (PTConform.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Validates a Print Ticket or Print Capabilities document for conformance to the Print Schema.
For information about command options, type
ptconform /?
XpsAnalyzer (XpsAnalyzer.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Analyzes XML Paper Specification (XPS) files for compatibility with the XPS 1.0 specification.
WDK Documentation:


Tool name Tool location Description and Help file location
Sensor Diagnostic Tool (sensordiagnostictool.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Tests the driver, firmware, and hardware for sensor and location functionality. The tool invokes the sensor and location API to test data retrieval, event handling, report intervals, change sensitivity, property retrieval.
WDK Documentation:
Testing sensor functionality with the Sensor Diagnostic Tool

All Drivers

Tool name Tool location Description and Help file location
BinPlace (Binplace.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
%WindowsSdkDir%\bin\x86\binplace.exe Manages large coding projects by moving files, extracting symbols from executable files, and removing private symbols from symbol files.
WDK Documentation:
Code Analysis for Drivers
WDK tool: Yes
The Code Analysis tool is included in Visual Studio. The driver-specific component is added when you install the WDK. A static verification tool that detects C and C++ coding errors. This version is specifically designed to detect errors in kernel-mode drivers.
WDK Documentation:
Code Analysis for Drivers
CertMgr (CertMgr.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Manages certificates, certificate trust lists (CTLs), and certificate revocation lists (CRLs) that are used to sign drivers and driver packages.
WDK Documentation:
WDK tool: Deprecated
Previous path:
ChkInf has been deprecated. Instead, use InfVerif.
WDK Documentation:
Computer Hardware Identification Tool (ComputerHardwareIds.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Windows Driver Kit (WDK) 8:
Windows Driver Kit (WDK) 8.1:
Derives the computer hardware IDs from SMBIOS information.
WDK Documentation:
DC2WMIParser (DC2WMIParser.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
DC2WMIParser is a tool that collects the WMI IRP records created by Driver Verifier and converts this log to a text file.
IRP Logging
Dependency Walker (Depends.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Displays the dependence patterns of the modules that are required by an application in a tree diagram. The display includes numerous details, including the functions exported by each module, the functions actually called by other modules, and the minimum set of files that are required for a module to load and run.
In the tool, from the Dependency Walker Help menu, select Help Topics.
DevCon (Devcon.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
A command-line version of Device Manager. DevCon enables, disables, installs, configures, and removes devices on the local computer and displays detailed information about devices on local computers.
WDK Documentation:
Drivers (Drivers.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Displays a list of all drivers that are installed on the computer.
WDK Documentation:
Driver Verifier (Verifier.exe)
WDK tool: No
%Windir%\system32\verifier.exe Monitors kernel-mode drivers and graphics drivers to detect illegal function calls or actions that might corrupt the system. It can subject the drivers to a variety of stresses and tests to find improper behavior.
WDK Documentation:
Driver Verifier
Driver Verification Log (DVL)
WDK tool: Yes
Requires Microsoft Visual Studio and the WDK. From the Driver menu, select Create Driver Verification Log.... The Static Tools Logo Test requires a Driver Verification Log (DVL) for all applicable driver submissions. The DVL contains a summary of the results from the analysis tools, such as CodeQL, Code Analysis and Static Driver Verifier. See CodeQL and the Static Tools Logo Test and Creating a Driver Verification Log.
Enhanced Storage Certificate Management Tool (EhStorCertMgrCmd.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Manages certificates on USB storage devices that are compliant with the IEEE 1667 standard.
WDK Documentation:
Enhanced Storage Certificate Management Tool
Inf2Cat (Inf2cat.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Determines whether a driver package's INF file can be digitally-signed for a specified list of Windows versions, and, if so, generates the unsigned catalog files that apply to the specified Windows versions.
WDK Documentation:
InfVerif (InfVerif.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
c:\Program Files(x86)\Windows Kits\10\tools\arm\infverif.exe
c:\Program Files(x86)\Windows Kits\10\tools\arm64\infverif.exe
c:\Program Files(x86)\Windows Kits\10\tools\x86\infverif.exe
c:\Program Files(x86)\Windows Kits\10\tools\x64\infverif.exe
Tests a driver INF file. In addition to reporting INF syntax problems, the tool reports if the INF file is universal.
WDK Documentation:
MakeCat (MakeCat.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Creates a catalog file for a driver package.
WDK Documentation:
MakeCert (MakeCert.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Creates an X.509 certificate that is signed by a system test root key or by another specified key.
WDK Documentation:
MSBuild (MSBuild.exe)/br>WDK tool: No Installed with Visual Studio Builds the samples, drivers, and associated software components that are supplied in the Microsoft WDK.
PnpCpu (PnPCpu.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Simulates a hot add of processors to a running instance of Windows Server 2008.
WDK Documentation:
PnPUtil (PnPUtil.exe)
WDK tool: No
%Windir%\system32\pnputil.exe A command-line tool that installs or deletes driver packages from the Windows driver store.
WDK Documentation:
PoolMon (Poolmon.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Displays data that the operating system collects about memory allocations from the system's paged and nonpaged kernel pools, and the memory pools used for Terminal Services sessions. The data is grouped by pool allocation tag.
WDK Documentation:
PowerCfg (PowerCfg.exe)
WDK tool: No
%Windir%\system32\powercfg.exe A command-line tool that is used to evaluate system energy efficiency.
Dev Center Documentation:
Using PowerCfg to Evaluate System Energy Efficiency
For information about command options, type
PowerCfg /?
Pvk2Pfx (Pvk2Pfx.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Copies public key and private key information contained in .spc, .cer, and .pvk files to a personal information exchange (.pfx) file.
WDK Documentation:
PwrTest (Pwrtest.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
A power management tool that exercises and records power management information from the computer.
WDK Documentation:
SignTool (SignTool.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Digitally-signs files, verifies signatures in files, and time-stamps files.
WDK Documentation:
Stampinf (Stampinf.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Updates common INF file directives, including the DriverVer directive.
WDK Documentation:
Static Driver Verifier
WDK tool: Yes

Note  Launch Static Driver Verifier from the Driver menu in Visual Studio.
A static verification tool for drivers that systematically analyzes the source code of Windows drivers and determines whether the driver properly interacts with the Windows operating system kernel.
WDK Documentation:
Static Driver Verifier
Tracefmt (Tracefmt.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Formats and displays trace messages from an event trace log file (.etl) or a real-time trace session.
WDK Documentation:
TraceLog (Tracelog.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
WDK 8:
WDK 8.1:
Configures and controls trace sessions from the command line. Measures time spent in deferred procedure calls (DPCs) and interrupt service routines (ISRs).
WDK Documentation:
TracePDB (Tracepdb.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Creates trace message format (.tmf) files from the full or private PDB symbol file for a WPP trace provider.
WDK Documentation:
TraceView (Traceview.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Configures and controls trace sessions and displays formatted trace messages from real-time trace sessions and trace logs. TraceView has a graphic user interface and a command-line interface for batch processing and scripting.
WDK Documentation:
TraceWPP (Tracewpp.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Runs the Windows Software Trace Preprocessor (WPP).
WDK Documentation:
WPP Preprocessor
Survey of Software Tracing Tools
WDF Tester
WDK tool: Yes
A set of tools that can be used to test, verify, and debug WDF drivers. The toolset provides a WMI programming interface that can be used in a script or a compiled application.
WDK Documentation:
WdfTester: WDF Driver Testing Toolset
WDF Verifier (Wdfverifier.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Provides an easy-to-use interface to the framework's verifier for KMDF and UMDF drivers.
WDK Documentation:
WDF Verifier Control Application
Web Services on devices (WSD) Basic Interoperability Tool (WSDBIT)
WDK tool: Yes
WSDBIT Client:
WSDBIT Server:
Verifies an implementation of Device Profile for Web Services (DPWS) works with WSDAPI.
WDK Documentation:
WSD Interoperability Tool
Winerror (Winerror.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Returns the error message identifier and mapping information for the specified error (Winerror.h) or success codes (Ntstatus.h).
For information about command options, type
winerror /?
WMIMofCk (Wmimofck.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
%WindowsSdkDir%\bin\x86\wmimofck.exe WDK Documentation:
Using wmimofck.exe
For information about command options, type
wmimofck -?
WsdCodeGen (Wsdcodegen.exe)
WDK tool: Yes
Automatically generates proxies and stubs based on a Web Services contract. Primarily, you can use this tool to create client applications. However, you can use it for testing or for creating user-mode drivers.
Verifies that the classes, properties, methods and events specified in a binary MOF file (.bmf) are valid for WMI use. Generates MOF support files.
Windows SDK:
See the Web Services on Devices section
WSDDebug_client and WSDDebug_host
WDK tool: Yes
Debug Client:
Debug Host:
%WindowsSdkDir%\bin\x86\WSDDebug_host.exe These tools are a soft device and client that you can use to troubleshoot devices or applications.
Windows SDK:
Web Services on Devices section

Supported platforms

You can run the Windows 10 WDK on Windows 7 and later, and use it to develop drivers for these operating systems:


Client OS Server OS
Windows 10 Windows Server 2019, Windows Server 2016
Windows 8.1 Windows Server 2012 R2
Windows 8 Windows Server 2012
Windows 7 Windows Server 2008 R2 SP1