Tutorial: Monitor published APIs

With Azure Monitor, you can visualize, query, route, archive, and take actions on the metrics or logs coming from your Azure API Management service.

In this tutorial, you learn how to:

  • View metrics of your API
  • Set up an alert rule
  • View activity logs
  • Enable and view resource logs

Note

API Management supports a range of additional tools to observe APIs, including built-in analytics and integration with Application Insights. Learn more

Prerequisites

Availability

Important

This feature is available in the Premium, Standard, Basic, and Developer tiers of API Management.

View metrics of your APIs

API Management emits metrics every minute, giving you near real-time visibility into the state and health of your APIs. The following are the two most frequently used metrics. For a list of all available metrics, see supported metrics.

  • Capacity - helps you make decisions about upgrading/downgrading your API Management services. The metric is emitted per minute and reflects the estimated gateway capacity at the time of reporting. The metric ranges from 0-100 calculated based on gateway resources such as CPU and memory utilization.
  • Requests - helps you analyze API traffic going through your API Management services. The metric is emitted per minute and reports the number of gateway requests with dimensions. Filter requests by response codes, location, hostname, and errors.

Important

The following metrics have been deprecated as of May 2019 and will be retired in August 2023: Total Gateway Requests, Successful Gateway Requests, Unauthorized Gateway Requests, Failed Gateway Requests, Other Gateway Requests. Please migrate to the Requests metric which provides equivalent functionality.

Screenshot of Metrics in API Management Overview

To access metrics:

  1. In the Azure portal, navigate to your API Management instance. On the Overview page, on the Monitor tab, review key metrics for your APIs.

  2. To investigate metrics in detail, select Metrics from the left menu.

    Screenshot of Metrics item in Monitoring menu in the portal.

  3. From the drop-down, select metrics you're interested in. For example, Requests.

  4. The chart shows the total number of API calls. Adjust the time range to focus on periods of interest.

  5. You can filter the chart using the dimensions of the Requests metric. For example, select Add filter, select Backend Response Code Category, enter 500 as the value. The chart shows the number of requests failed in the API backend.

Set up an alert rule

You can receive alerts based on metrics and activity logs. In Azure Monitor, configure an alert rule to perform an action when it triggers. Common actions include:

  • Send an email notification
  • Call a webhook
  • Invoke an Azure Logic App

To configure an example alert rule based on a request metric:

  1. In the Azure portal, navigate to your API Management instance.

  2. Select Alerts from the left menu.

    Screenshot of Alerts option in Monitoring menu in the portal.

  3. Select + Create > Alert rule.

  4. In the Select a signal window on the Condition tab:

    1. In Signal type, select Metrics.
    2. In Signal name, select Requests.
    3. In Alert logic, specify a Threshold value, which is the number of occurrences after which the alert should be triggered.
    4. In Split by dimensions, in Dimension name, select Gateway Response Code Category.
    5. In Dimension values, select 4xx, for client errors such as unauthorized or invalid requests. If the dimension value doesn't appear, select Add custom value and enter 4xx.
    6. In When to evaluate, accept the default settings, or select other settings to configure how often the rule runs. Select Next.

    Screenshot of configuring alert logic in the portal.

  5. On the Actions tab, select or create one or more action groups to notify users about the alert and take an action. For example, create a new action group to send a notification email to admin@contoso.com. For detailed steps, see Create and manage action groups in the Azure portal.

    Screenshot of configuring notifications for new action group in the portal.

  6. On the Details tab of Create an alert rule, enter a name and description of the alert rule and select the severity level.

  7. Optionally configure the remaining settings. Then, on the Review + create tab, select Create.

  8. Now, test the alert rule by calling the Conference API without an API key. For example:

    curl GET https://apim-hello-world.azure-api.net/conference/speakers HTTP/1.1 
    

    An alert triggers based on the evaluation period, and it will send email to admin@contoso.com.

    Alerts also appear on the Alerts page for the API Management instance.

    Screenshot of alerts in portal.

Activity logs

Activity logs provide insight into the operations on your API Management services. Using activity logs, you can determine the "what, who, and when" for any write operations (PUT, POST, DELETE) taken on your API Management services.

Note

Activity logs do not include read (GET) operations or operations performed in the Azure portal or using the original Management APIs.

You can access activity logs in your API Management service, or access logs of all your Azure resources in Azure Monitor.

Screenshot of activity log in portal.

To view the activity log:

  1. In the Azure portal, navigate to your API Management instance.

  2. Select Activity log.

    Screenshot of Activity log item in Monitoring menu in the portal.

  3. Select the desired filtering scope and then Apply.

Resource logs

Resource logs provide rich information about operations and errors that are important for auditing and troubleshooting purposes. Resource logs differ from activity logs. The activity log provides insights into the operations run on your Azure resources. Resource logs provide insight into operations that your resource ran.

To configure resource logs:

  1. In the Azure portal, navigate to your API Management instance.

  2. Select Diagnostic settings.

    Screenshot of Diagnostic settings item in Monitoring menu in the portal.

  3. Select + Add diagnostic setting.

  4. Select the logs or metrics that you want to collect.

    You have several options about where to send the logs and metrics. For example, archive resource logs along with metrics to a storage account, stream them to an event hub, or send them to a Log Analytics workspace.

    Tip

    If you select a Log Analytics workspace, you can choose to store the data in the resource-specific ApiManagementGatewayLogs table or store in the general AzureDiagnostics table. We recommend using the resource-specific table for log destinations that support it. Learn more

  5. After configuring details for the log destination or destinations, select Save.

For more information, see Create diagnostic settings to send platform logs and metrics to different destinations.

View diagnostic data in Azure Monitor

If you enable collection of logs or metrics in a Log Analytics workspace, it can take a few minutes for data to appear in Azure Monitor.

To view the data:

  1. In the Azure portal, navigate to your API Management instance.

  2. Select Logs from the left menu.

    Screenshot of Logs item in Monitoring menu in the portal.

  3. Run queries to view the data. Several sample queries are provided, or run your own. For example, the following query retrieves the most recent 24 hours of data from the ApiManagementGatewayLogs table:

    ApiManagementGatewayLogs
    | where TimeGenerated > ago(1d) 
    

    Screenshot of querying ApiManagementGatewayLogs table in the portal.

For more information about using resource logs for API Management, see:

Modify API logging settings

By default, when you create a diagnostic setting to enable collection of resource logs, logging is enabled for all APIs, with default settings. You can adjust the logging settings for all APIs, or override them for individual APIs. For example, adjust the sampling rate or the verbosity of the data, or disable logging for some APIs.

For details about the logging settings, see Diagnostic logging settings reference.

To configure logging settings for all APIs:

  1. In the left menu of your API Management instance, select APIs > All APIs.
  2. Select the Settings tab from the top bar.
  3. Scroll down to the Diagnostic Logs section, and select the Azure Monitor tab.
  4. Review the settings and make changes if needed. Select Save.

To configure logging settings for a specific API:

  1. In the left menu of your API Management instance, select APIs and then the name of the API.
  2. Select the Settings tab from the top bar.
  3. Scroll down to the Diagnostic Logs section, and select the Azure Monitor tab.
  4. Review the settings and make changes if needed. Select Save.

Next steps

In this tutorial, you learned how to:

  • View metrics of your API
  • Set up an alert rule
  • View activity logs
  • Enable and view resource logs

Advance to the next tutorial: