Quickstart: Use .NET (C#) to query a database

Applies to: Azure SQL Database Azure SQL Managed Instance Azure Synapse Analytics

In this quickstart, you'll use .NET and C# code to connect to a database. You'll then run a Transact-SQL statement to query data. This quickstart is applicable to Windows, Linux, and macOS and leverages the unified .NET platform.


To complete this quickstart, you need:

Create a new .NET project

  1. Open a command prompt and create a folder named sqltest. Navigate to this folder and run this command.

    dotnet new console

    This command creates new app project files, including an initial C# code file (Program.cs), an XML configuration file (sqltest.csproj), and needed binaries.

  2. At the command prompt used above, run this command.

    dotnet add package Microsoft.Data.SqlClient

    This command adds the Microsoft.Data.SqlClient package to the project.

Insert code to query the database in Azure SQL Database

  1. In a text editor such as Visual Studio Code, open Program.cs.

  2. Replace the contents with the following code and add the appropriate values for your server, database, username, and password.


To use an ADO.NET connection string, replace the 4 lines in the code setting the server, database, username, and password with the line below. In the string, set your username and password.


using Microsoft.Data.SqlClient;

namespace sqltest
    class Program
        static void Main(string[] args)
                SqlConnectionStringBuilder builder = new SqlConnectionStringBuilder();

                builder.DataSource = "<your_server.database.windows.net>"; 
                builder.UserID = "<your_username>";            
                builder.Password = "<your_password>";     
                builder.InitialCatalog = "<your_database>";
                using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(builder.ConnectionString))
                    Console.WriteLine("\nQuery data example:");

                    String sql = "SELECT name, collation_name FROM sys.databases";

                    using (SqlCommand command = new SqlCommand(sql, connection))
                        using (SqlDataReader reader = command.ExecuteReader())
                            while (reader.Read())
                                Console.WriteLine("{0} {1}", reader.GetString(0), reader.GetString(1));
            catch (SqlException e)
            Console.WriteLine("\nDone. Press enter.");

Run the code

  1. At the prompt, run the following commands.

    dotnet restore
    dotnet run
  2. Verify that the rows are returned, your output may include other values.

    Query data example:
    master    SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS
    tempdb    SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS
    WideWorldImporters    Latin1_General_100_CI_AS
    Done. Press enter.
  3. Choose Enter to close the application window.

Next steps