I find this:
(01) 2023-11-07 16:14:25 Slp: Sco: File 'C:\SQL2022\Express_ENU\x64\setup\x64\sql_engine_core_inst.msi' does not exist
I've seen more than one person running into this error. Unfortunately, I have not been able to understand why. Is the file being snatched by the little green disk-eater? Or does this occur because you have tried some times already, and this was not your original issue?
You could use Process Monitor to see what operations that occur with this file. Admittedly, working with Process Monitor can be tedious, although it seems straightforward to filter for \sql_engine_core_inst.msi.
One more alternative is to go for Developer Edition instead, and select the option Download Media and then run from the ISO. Maybe this gives a different error message.
By the way, do you have a file C:\Program Files\Microsoft SQL Server\MSSQL16.SQLEXPRESS\MSSQL\LOG\ERRORLOG? If so, can you share it?