Azure SQL Database libraries for Python


Work with data stored in Azure SQL Database from Python with the pyodbc ODBC database driver. View our quickstart on connecting to an Azure SQL Database and using Transact-SQL statements to query data and getting started sample with pyodbc.

Install ODBC driver and pyodbc

pip install pyodbc

More details about installing the python and database communication libraries.

Connect and execute a SQL query

Connect to a SQL database

import pyodbc

server = ''
database = 'your_database'
username = 'your_username'
password = 'your_password'
driver= '{ODBC Driver 13 for SQL Server}'

cnxn = pyodbc.connect('DRIVER='+driver+';PORT=1433;SERVER='+server+';PORT=1443;DATABASE='+database+';UID='+username+';PWD='+ password)
cursor = cnxn.cursor()

Execute a SQL query

cursor.execute("SELECT TOP 20 pc.Name as CategoryName, as ProductName FROM [SalesLT].[ProductCategory] pc JOIN [SalesLT].[Product] p ON pc.productcategoryid = p.productcategoryid")
row = cursor.fetchone()
while row:
    print (str(row[0]) + " " + str(row[1]))
    row = cursor.fetchone()

Connecting to ORMs

pyodbc works with other ORMs such as SQLAlchemy and Django.

Management API

Create and manage Azure SQL Database resources in your subscription with the management API.

pip install azure-common
pip install azure-mgmt-sql
pip install azure-mgmt-resource


Create a SQL Database resource and restrict access to a range of IP addresses using a firewall rule.

from azure.common.client_factory import get_client_from_cli_profile
from azure.mgmt.resource import ResourceManagementClient
from azure.mgmt.sql import SqlManagementClient

LOCATION = 'eastus'  # example Azure availability zone, should match resource group
SQL_SERVER = 'yourvirtualsqlserver'

# create resource client
resource_client = get_client_from_cli_profile(ResourceManagementClient)
# create resource group
resource_client.resource_groups.create_or_update(RESOURCE_GROUP, {'location': LOCATION})

sql_client = get_client_from_cli_profile(SqlManagementClient)

# Create a SQL server
server = sql_client.servers.create_or_update(
        'location': LOCATION,
        'version': '12.0', # Required for create
        'administrator_login': USERNAME, # Required for create
        'administrator_login_password': PASSWORD # Required for create

# Create a SQL database in the Basic tier
database = sql_client.databases.create_or_update(
        'location': LOCATION,
        'collation': 'SQL_Latin1_General_CP1_CI_AS',
        'create_mode': 'default',
        'requested_service_objective_name': 'Basic'

# Open access to this server for IPs
firewall_rule = sql_client.firewall_rules.create_or_update(
    "", # Start ip range
    ""  # End ip range